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You can apply for a physical address as long as you have a driveway established or you can flag where your driveway will be located. Vacant land will not receive a physical address. You will need an address before you can apply for a building permit or telephone service.
Within 30 days after you have been notified.
The address number must be displayed on the front of a building or at the entrance to a building which is most clearly visible from the road during both day and night. If a building is more than 75 feet from any road or is not visible from the road, the address number shall be displayed at the end of the driveway nearest the road which provides access to the building.
The number shall be attached to a fence, gate, mailbox or the like adjacent to the road right-of-way. Numerals must be of contrasting color to the background and shall be plain block numeric numbers, not alpha print. It is recommended that these numbers be reflective to ensure better visibility.
You need to notify everyone of your address including the:
The objective of road naming is to eliminate duplicate of phonetically similar road names. Countywide road names and addresses will help law enforcement, fire and EMS or rescue squads save lives and property by reducing the time it takes them to reach the scene of an emergency. Prior to any plat being submitted to the Haywood County Planning Office, the developer will need to get approval-from the Addressing Office on any newly proposed road names.
A road name shall be assigned to any public or private road, or roadway which provides access to two or more residences, businesses, industries, or combination thereof, regardless of the length of the road. The Addressing Office shall disapprove newly proposed road names that are duplicated or deceptively similar to the name of any other public or private road in the county. This shall include road names that have a different suffix.
Yes, you will need to contact the Addressing Office and obtain a Petition to Change the Name of The Road. This petition should include the existing road name, the proposed road name and the signatures of at least 90% of those persons owning property adjacent to the road. The fee to change a road name is $250 with an additional fee of $75 to cover legal advertisement, shall accompany any petition. In the event you get 100% of the signatures, the $75 fee will be waived.
The Addressing Office has map booklets available for a minimal fee. Also, you may purchase a current updated fold out map of all roads in the county from the Land Records Office in the Courthouse for a minimal fee.
The Addressing Office will make and install all new, missing and damaged signs. See form for Tracking Missing Road Signs (PDF) and form for Tracking Damaged Road Signs (PDF).
The Haywood County Adult Day Care Program is an activity and social program for older and disabled adults needing socialization, daytime care and supervision.
Participants have to be able to feed themselves and use the toilet by themselves.
Hours are Monday through Friday from 7:30 a.m. until 5:30 p.m.
The Adult Day Care is housed in a beautiful home in the Hazelwood Community located at:205 Hazelwood AvenueWaynesville, NC
The Adult Day Care staff will be happy to talk with you at 828-456-9488. You may also arrange a visit and tour of the facility.
North Carolina Breast and Cervical Cancer Control Program (BCCCP) is available to women who:
The services offered through the BCCCP are as follows:
Breast and Cervical Cancer Medicaid (BCCM) provides funding for treatment to BCCCP-enrolled clients who are diagnosed with breast or cervical cancer and who meet additional requirements. To be eligible for Breast and Cervical Cancer Medicaid, eligible women must have been enrolled in BCCCP prior to an actual cancer diagnosis. Our staff can help you navigate the process.
Interpreter services are available at no cost.
The county no longer issues privilege license, however, if your business is located inside the city limits of Waynesville, Canton, Maggie or Clyde, or your business has a one-time job located inside either of these city limits you must check with that town.
There is no longer an Office located in Haywood County to get these numbers, however the Small Business Center of the Haywood Community College has a brochure with a lot of great information and phone numbers for new businesses to use as a guide. You may pick up one of these brochures in the Business Personal Property Office.
The numbers for the State and Federal ID numbers are:
All property that is used or held in connection with a business must be listed. This includes assets that are given as gifts.
North Carolina General Statute 105-304(f)(2) states “Tangible personal property situated at or commonly used in connection with a business premises hired, occupied, or used by the owner of the personal property (or by the owner’s agent or employee) is taxable at the place at which the business premises is situated. Tangible personal property that may be used by the public generally or that is used to sell or vend merchandise to the public falls within the provisions of this subdivision.”
The length of the listing period is during the month of January. Anything received after this time period, that does not have an extension, receives a late list penalty.
As explained in North Carolina General Statute 105-312 (h); the amount of penalty that is acquired through not listing during the regular listing period is 10% per year for each year, up to five years that the property had failed to be listed.
In order to avoid a late list penalty, the taxpayer must send in a written request for an extension showing good cause as to why the taxpayer needs additional time to list. The extension can be granted up to and no later than April 15th.
You may obtain any previous years listing at the Business Personal Property Office.
Anything used in connection with a business must be listed. This includes any personal property brought from the home or used in the home for the purpose of conducting business.
The cost information you provide on the listing form is depreciated from the year in which it was purchased. The schedule used in arriving at the current value is the trending schedule provided by the Department of Revenue. If you did not list, and you did not respond to the 30-day letter mailed to you, then the value placed on the business is an estimated value either based on previous years listings or like businesses.
Equipment is never depreciated down to a 0 value by the county. The trending schedules from the Department of Revenue only allows us to depreciate equipment down to a 25% residual value, which is the value the property holds until its disposal. The only exception is computer equipment, which is depreciated down to a 10% residual value.
All property assessed by the owner of the property as of January 1st of each year. If property was not sold until February then the January 1st owner is responsible for the listing of the property and the taxes owed is an issue between the buyer and seller.
A depreciation schedule or fixed asset schedule is a list of all assets owned by the business, sole proprietor, partnership or corporation. This list provides pertinent information that is useful in listing such as a description of the asset, the year in which the asset was purchased and the cost information.
All businesses in Haywood County are randomly selected for an audit. The main two objectives for auditing businesses are:
All taxpayers have the right to appeal. You must appeal within 30 days from the first notice of value. This must be done by a signed, written request to the Assessor.
General Statute 105-304 (f)(1) states “Tangible personal property situated at or commonly used in connection with a temporary or seasonal dwelling owned or leased by the owner of the personal property is taxable at the place at which the temporary or seasonal dwelling is situated.”
All furnishings must be listed; this includes stove, refrigerator, washer, dryer etc. If a rental is fully furnished the taxpayer has the option to itemize on the listing or use the 6% option, which allows you to use 6% of the value of the dwelling as your taxable value for the furnishings.
The directions that are attached with the listing form, clearly states that if a listing is marked “same as last year,” or has not been signed by an authorized signer, the listing will be rejected and could result in penalties being assessed. The General Statutes state that all tangible property is to be listed. Writing “same as last year” is not considered a listing.
There are many different resources our offices use in order to educate new business owners to list the property.
North Carolina General Statute 105-274 (a)(1-2) states “All property, real and personal within the jurisdiction of the State shall be subject to taxation unless it is:
If equipment is generally moved from one place to another the equipment must then, be listed to the county in which the business office is based.
Inventory is no longer considered taxable in the state of North Carolina. Inventory is items for sale during the regular course of business.
It is the responsibility of each business owner to list his or her assets as of January 1st of each year.
Our office makes every effort to educate all business owners that the law requires them to list their assets. We have offered training seminars that have been taped and aired on the government channel. We also have new business packets located in various places throughout the county.
Listings must be signed by a legally authorized person.
A legally authorized person is:
There are two ways to get a form to list your business:
Care Coordination for Children (CC4C) is a free community service for special needs children age 0 to 5 and their families. CC4C strives to ensure that children are raised in a healthy, safe, and nurturing environment so that they can reach their full potential.
Eligibility is not based on finances, but on risk factors and diagnoses. Parents can call to see if they are eligible, or be referred by doctors, hospitals, social workers, family members, day care providers, or other state/county agencies.
For more information, call 828-452-6675.
State and local Child Support Enforcement Offices work with custodial and non-custodial parents to ensure children are given the financial support they deserve.
Things that can be done to enforce a court order include:
The CSE agent gathers all available information, evaluates the case and determines support activities to be pursued and works with an attorney to represent cases in Civil Court actions. These attorneys represent the agency and not the individual client in a case. The agent works with all parties in a case, providing information or explanations or case activities when appropriate.
Visit the North Carolina Child Support website for full explanation along with answers to other child support questions.
A health insurance program for those whose income is so low that they cannot afford health care costs. It is governed by federal and state laws especially in regard to income limits.
Recipients can expect:
Medicaid eligibility for most recipients is determined by the Department of Social Services (DSS) in the county they reside. Applicants are evaluated on income level, available financial resources and criteria related to categorical standards. Families receiving work first family assistance also receive Medicaid. Clients receiving special assistance also receive auto Medicaid.
Participants are eligible for Medicaid the month in which all categorical and financial conditions of eligibility are met.
You need to fill out an application. To get an application, call Department of Social Services (DSS) and you can ask to have an application mailed to you. If you want help filing the application out, go to DSS and a caseworker will give you an application and help you fill it out. The Health Department also has application forms you can request. Applications are also available online.
CAP is the community alternatives program for disabled adults. It is a Medicaid funded program which provides home care as an alternative for those facing nursing facility placement.
The number of hours an individual can receive is depended upon an in-home assessment that will be completed by a social worker and registered nurse.
It is Chapter 158 of the Haywood County Ordinances and it was enacted into law by the Board of Commissioners of Haywood County effective March 1, 2007. The Slope Ordinance is a set of standards for improved construction and development practices that will result in higher levels of safety and stability on developed land, while decreasing the potential of damage to natural resources and properties adjoining tracts containing artificial slope construction.
If you initiate any land-disturbing activity that includes artificial (i.e. cut or fill) slope construction, slope repair, or slope stabilization, you are subject to the rules and regulations of the Slope Ordinance. No subdivision plat will be approved or recorded, and no Certificate of Occupancy issued, until the County Engineer’s office verifies compliance with the Slope Ordinance.
The Slope Ordinance may be downloaded from the Haywood County website, or you may pick up a copy from the County Engineer’s office at 1233 North Main Street, Haywood County Annex II, 2nd floor.
Yes, you do need to apply for a Land-Disturbing Permit that allows slope construction, repair, and/or stabilization to commence and proceed in accordance with the requirements of the Slope Ordinance. The application can be downloaded or a copy picked up from the Erosion Control office at 1233 North Main Street, Haywood County Annex II, 2nd floor.
The Engineering Review Board is the entity established by the Slope Ordinance for the purpose of providing direction for the administration of this chapter, which includes a process for appeals. The Board is governed by a set of By-Laws which stipulate that the Board meets quarterly on the second Monday at 4:30 p.m. in the conference room of the Haywood County Annex II building.
On June 26, 2007, the Engineering Review Board adopted the following Standard Operating Procedure for compaction: All areas where fill is to be placed shall be completely stripped of all organic material. All slopes shall be benched prior to the placement of any fill so as to create a relatively flat surface on which to place and compact the fill. Fill shall be placed in loose lifts of approximately 9.0 inches in thickness and free of organic material. The fill shall be compacted with equipment adequate for achieving the following requirements: Fill slopes shall be compacted to a minimum of 92 percent of the maximum dry density obtained in accordance with ASTM D-698 Standard Proctor Method. Fill placed for structures shall be compacted to a minimum of 95 percent of the maximum dry density. Each lift of fill shall be compacted to within 6 inches horizontal of the down slope edge. Each bench that is excavated into the existing slope shall be wide enough for the compaction equipment to travel on and compact the entire surface. The benching technique shall continue up in a stair step pattern until the fill side meets the cut.
All areas where fill is to be placed shall be completely stripped of all organic material. All slopes shall be benched prior to the placement of any fill so as to create a relatively flat surface on which to place and compact the fill. Fill shall be placed in loose lifts of approximately 9.0 inches in thickness and free of organic material. The fill shall be compacted with equipment adequate for achieving the following requirements: Fill slopes shall be compacted to a minimum of 92 percent of the maximum dry density obtained in accordance with ASTM D-698 Standard Proctor Method. Fill placed for structures shall be compacted to a minimum of 95 percent of the maximum dry density. Each lift of fill shall be compacted to within 6 inches horizontal of the down slope edge. Each bench that is excavated into the existing slope shall be wide enough for the compaction equipment to travel on and compact the entire surface. The benching technique shall continue up in a stair step pattern until the fill side meets the cut.
Haywood County does not sell Tax Lien Certificates. This practice was abolished in the early 1980s.
No, paying someone else's taxes does not give legal ownership of the property.
The Notice of Sale will be posted on our website, at the Haywood County Justice Center, and at the Haywood County Tax Collections office located in the Historic Courthouse prior to the sale.
Tax foreclosure sales will be handled by a Haywood County public auction in front of the Justice Center. Sales will be made to the last and highest bidder and each property will be sold "as is" and without warranty.
No, after advertisement of unpaid taxes in March any advertised property is subject to foreclosure.
As of July 1, 2007 billing services are provided by EMS Consultants. They may be contacted at 800-814-5339.
HCEMS does bill for services. The billing office will bill Medicare, Medicaid and third-party insurance companies.
The following list some of the more common situations which suggest transportation by ambulance may be medically indicated:
This is not an all inclusive list of covered conditions. If the patient is transported for any non-emergency condition, the medical need for the services must be clearly documented.
In most cases, ambulance services are not covered if:
Any use of the land by any person that results in a change in the natural cover or topography and that may cause or contribute to sedimentation for:
True agricultural production and production facilities are exempt from the Ordinance. Refer to §154.05(B) for the complete dialogue.
In 1973 the North Carolina legislature enacted the Sedimentation Pollution Control Act that applies statewide. Haywood County adopted its own Erosion Control Ordinance in 1988. It is based upon the state’s model ordinance and has requirements specific to Haywood County’s topography and natural resources.
If you conduct a regulated land-disturbing activity, you are required to take all reasonable measures to prevent sediment damage to adjoining properties, lakes and natural watercourses. Contact the Haywood County Erosion Control Program for more specific details and instructions regarding your specific activity.
Society has deemed that water resources are worth protecting. Sediment is the largest pollutant by volume to our nation’s waterways. Sediment can fill up ponds, it can destroy aquatic habitats, fine particles of sediment can carry biological and chemical contaminants great distances and sediment can be costly to treat with regards to public water sources. Also, public properties such as state roads must be protected from “mud slicks” because mud on the road can greatly reduce pavement friction and that could lead to motor vehicle accidents. Also, private properties below land-disturbing activity must be protected from deposits of sediment. It is considered “damage” to someone’s property if you place sediment there by any means.
Yes. You are still required to take all reasonable measures to protect all private property, all public property, and natural resources from sediment from your activity.
You have 21 calendar days from the completion of any phase of grading to cover graded slopes and fills either with a temporary or a permanent ground cover. That ground cover must be sufficient to restrain erosion. This rule applies on any size activity.
No. You are required to obtain a Land-Disturbing Permit (DOC) before you begin the activity.
That is considered a regulated land-disturbing activity and must be permitted prior to commencing work unless it is a true forest practice. Then it is subject to conditions related in §154.05(B)(2) of the Ordinance.
The issue is not whether trout can survive in the stream in question. The issue is whether the stream in question maintains its water quality adequate enough to feed the trout stream to which it is tributary.
You will subject yourself to increased fees and possible civil and criminal penalties.
Yes. A Land-Disturbing Permit (PDF) expires 18 months after issuance.
Yes you may call the Erosion Control Program for an inspection. At the end of construction when the site has achieved final stabilization a Certificate of Completion may be issued.
By joint resolutions between the Town and County Boards (and with the endorsement of the North Carolina Sediment Commission), our local program does have jurisdiction over matters of erosion and sediment control in the Towns of Clyde and Maggie Valley. However, Waynesville and Canton are still under the jurisdiction of NCDENR, Land Quality Section.
Features of the program include:
Stores are certified by Food and Nutrition Services (FNS) in Raleigh. Stores should only allow edible foods (vegetables seeds or plants) to be bought with food stamps. Food stamps cannot be used for:
Department of Social Services (DSS) takes and processes applications, makes changes and completes recertifications for this program.
Timeframes are the same for all counties, 30 days for normal and 7 days for emergency cases.
No, you do not need to have Medicaid to qualify.
No, personal care cannot be performed under this program. The Community Alternatives Program (CAP)/Disabled Adults (DA) program would assist with personal care.
No, the aide can run errands for you but they are not allowed to transport a client.
You may contact anyone in the Adult Services Programs Division at Department of Social Services (DSS) or call 828-452-2370, ext. 139.
Parcels may be combined by many different methods such as, recording a document with one outside boundary description, an intent to combine statement in the document, or filing a Notice of Intent to Combine Parcels (PDF). After completing and having the signatures notarized, the form must be recorded in the Register of Deeds office. As to whether taxes will be reduced by the combining, this is sometimes true, but not always.
Haywood County Meals on Wheels provides a nutritious lunchtime meal to qualified individuals once per day, five days per week. Not only do we provide nutrition but also personal contact with recipients who may not otherwise have any contact with outside individuals. It provides assurance for family members who are unable to be with their loved ones on a daily basis.
Our program has been in existence since December 1st, 1975. Since then, the program has grown tremendously. What started as six meals delivered then, we now serve over 200 meals per day on 24 routes through Haywood County.
In order to qualify for the Meals on Wheels program in Haywood County, the individual must be 60 years of age or older, homebound, disabled and/or elderly and cannot prepare their meals for themselves or they do not have anyone who can prepare their meals for them. Also, live-in caregivers under 60 years of age may also be eligible to receive our meals if they are on full disability.
Meals on Wheels does not charge a fee for our services. The program is a part of the Haywood County Department of Social Services and is mainly funded by grants, private donations, the Haywood County Government and many local churches and civic organizations. We send quarterly opportunity letters to give those who wish to donate to the cost of their meal a chance to voluntarily do so. Some individuals can and do choose to pay for the full cost of their meals which is currently $6.50 per meal.
Donations are always gladly accepted and qualify as tax-deductible as we are a tax-exempt organization. You may also get involved by volunteering to deliver meals. All it takes is about two hours per week to help feed those in need.
You can call the Program Coordinator at 828-356-2442.
HoursMonday through Friday8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Each September taxes become due for real estate, business personal property and individually held personal property (manufactured homes, boats, boat motors jet skis and unlicensed motor vehicles). Tax bills are mailed to the property owners in late August early September. Taxes on real estate and personal property are due in September and are payable through January 5th without interest. After January 5th an interest charge of 2% is added and an additional 3/4% is added on the first day of each month thereafter until the bill is paid in full.
Real estate tax bills are only mailed to property owners. Haywood County does not mail tax bills to loan institutions or escrow companies because you are the owner of the property, not your loan institution. We will gladly provide your loan institution with your billing information at their request, but we strongly suggest that you send them a copy of your bill.
Ownership of real property is established as of January 1st of the tax year, and transfer of ownership during the year does not relieve the seller of tax liability.
If you are unable to pay your taxes in full by January 5th of each year, you may have the option of paying a predetermined monthly payment amount until your taxes are paid in full. Please contact the Tax Collections department at 828-452-6643 for your payment plan options.
RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is an easy way to keep up with your favorite news and information. An RSS feed contains headlines, summaries and links to full news stories on our web site. If you click an RSS link, you will see XML (eXtensible Markup Language) code in your browser. This is to be expected, since you do not view RSS content through a browser. You view the headlines through an RSS news reader (also called an RSS aggregator).RSS allows you to see when sites from all over the internet have added new content. You can get the latest headlines and articles in one place, as soon as they are published, without having to remember to visit each site every day.
In general, the first thing you need is something called a news reader. This is a piece of software that checks RSS feeds and lets you read any new articles that have been added to them. There are many different versions, some of which are accessed using a browser, and some of which are downloadable applications. Browser-based news readers let you catch up with your RSS feed subscriptions from any computer, whereas downloadable applications let you store them on your main computer, in the same way that you either download your email using Outlook, or keep it on a web-based service like Hotmail.
Once you have chosen a news reader, all you have to do is decide what content you want to receive in your news reader by finding and subscribing to the relevant RSS feeds.
For example, if you would like the most recent updates from Haywood County Government, simply visit our homepage and you will notice an orange RSS button on the left hand side.
If you click on the button you can subscribe to the feed in various ways, including:
There is a range of different news readers available and new versions are appearing all the time. RSS is a standardized format that lets you subscribe to a website using software applications such as Microsoft® Outlook®, Microsoft® Internet Explorer® and Mozilla® Firefox®. Different news readers work on different operating systems, so you will need to choose one that will work with your computer.
Subscribing is also known as adding an RSS feed. Once you subscribe to a page, you can view content titles and click on the links to quickly link to the content from your personalized Google, My MSN, My Yahoo! or My AOL homepage.
This program provides additional income to those who are eligible to assist with purchasing necessary items or services to be able to remain in their home and avoid rest home placement.
Recipients must receive full Medicaid (Blue Card), have an income lower than $851 per month and their physician must complete a form recommending rest home level of care.
The additional money will not affect your Medicaid nor your SSI or SSA. The money is counted toward your total monthly income and can decrease food stamps and possibly your amount of housing assistance.
You can make an application in the Adult Assistance Programs section at the Department of Social Services.
If you rent out your home or vacation property for periods of less than 90 days, State of North Carolina and Haywood County law requires you to collect a 4% occupancy tax (in addition to North Carolina state sales tax) from your guests. You must register your rental property with the Haywood County Finance Office, which will instruct you how to remit the occupancy tax money you collect:Finance Department215 N Main StreetWaynesville, NC 28786Phone: 828-452-6629 ext. 2614
Failing to register, file and pay the occupancy tax will result in penalties, which mirror North Carolina sales and use tax as stated in General Statute 105-236, including:
North Carolina law requires a reappraisal of real property at least every 8 years. Depending on the growth rate, many counties choose to conduct a reappraisal in a shorter time frame to reduce the potential burden on property owners. The Haywood County Board of Commissioners voted in 2000 to conduct reappraisals every four years, beginning with the 2002 reappraisal. The last reappraisal was conducted in 2006 and the next one is scheduled for 2011.
Property appraisal is conducted by the Real Property Appraisal staff of the Haywood County Tax Assessor’s office. These appraisers are certified as real property appraisers by the North Carolina Department of Revenue.
Haywood County appraisers begin by verifying and updating data files by making on-site visits to your property. The appraiser then compares the property to similar properties and determines a market value based on what is going on in the local real estate market. Using knowledge of the local market, as well as standard methods of analyzing comparable properties and factors that affect values, the appraiser applies the current Schedule of Values adopted by the Board of County Commissioners. Comparable properties should appraise at a rate similar to comparable properties on the market, taking into consideration specific factors that may lead to adjustments up or down.
New appraisal values become effective in January, so they are reflected in the tax bills you receive in September of the years that reappraisals occur.
That depends. As part of adopting a budget for the new fiscal year, which begins July 1, the Board of County Commissioners must set a tax rate. In a year following a reappraisal, state law requires the county to publish a revenue-neutral tax rate in the budget presented to county commissioners in May.
A revenue-neutral tax rate means that the county would not see any additional revenues from an increase in real property values. Instead, the revenue-neutral tax rate represents what it would take to produce revenues for the county that are equal to those produced for the current fiscal year, taking into consideration such factors as an average annual percentage increase in the tax base, among other things.
Following the 1996 property reappraisal, commissioners lowered the tax rate from 74 cents to 61 cents for every $100 of value. It stayed at 61 cents for every $100 of value following the 2002 reappraisal until the 2006 reappraisal. On March 6, 2006, commissioners voted to adopt a revenue-neutral tax rate of $0.497 per $100 of value for the purposes of planning the 2006 to 2007 fiscal year budget. The tax rate remained at $0.497 through the 2008 to 2009 fiscal budget year. The commissioners adopted a $0.514 per $100 of value for the 2009 to 2010 budget year. This is the current tax rate for Haywood County.
Not necessarily. All it means is that the county will not gain additional revenue from the reappraisal. Whether your individual tax bill goes up in September depends on your particular situation.
While real property often go up with reappraisals, the value of your personal property, such as boats, campers, mobile homes, business personal property and your vehicles declines each year. If county commissioners adopt a revenue-neutral tax rate during a reappraisal year, the taxes you pay on your personal property and business personal property will go down. Whether it will go down enough to balance out the effect of the increase in value on your real property depends on how much personal property you own.
Yes. Each March, in accordance with state law, the Board of County Commissioners appoints a Board of Equalization and Review to hear appeals from Haywood County citizens regarding the value placed on their real property.
To request a hearing before this board, write a letter to:Judy H. Ballard, ClerkHaywood County Board of Equalization and ReviewHaywood County Courthouse215 N Main StreetWaynesville, NC 28786
Citizens may also request a hearing by filling out an appeal form at the assessor’s office.
The Seed Library of Waynesville is a seed lending library, not a seed bank or depository. We are located in the library and are open whenever the library is open. You must have a Cardinal library card in good standing to check out seeds. To return seeds, you will be required to fill out a seed library membership form. We provide free classes on organic gardening and seed saving, and you can borrow books from the library on these topics.
When you borrow seeds, please plant them and then return the next generation of the seeds for others to borrow. We encourage beginning home gardeners to save seeds from the "super easy" and "easy" plants (i.e. tomatoes, lettuce, beans, peas and peppers). Please do not try to save seeds from plants in the "difficult" category (i.e. squash, cucumbers, corn) until you have more experience saving seeds.
Humans have been saving seeds for over 12,000 years. However, in our culture, much of that knowledge has been lost over the last hundred years, along with significant biodiversity. When you grow and save your own seeds, you develop seed stock that is well suited to your climate, save money, and have quality control. When you participate in the seed library, you help create a culture of sharing and abundance.